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take  

英[teɪk] 美[teɪk]

vt.拿,取;采取;接受(礼物等);花费;耗费(时间等);需要;乘坐(车船等)

vi.拿;获得

n.捕获量;看法;利益,盈益;(入场券的)售得金额

[复数] takes [第三人称单数] takes

[动词时态]taking   took   taken

【常用短语】

give and take   双方迁就;相互让步;互相忍让

take a bath   (Am.)洗澡(Br.=have a bath)

take a break   休息一下

take a deep breath   深呼吸

take a vacation   去度假

take action   采取行动

take advantage of   利用;占…的便宜

take after   (在外表、举止、性格方面)像

take apart   拆开;拆解;剖析

take away   带走,拿走,取走

take care   注意;小心

take care of   照顾;注意;抚养

take control of   取得对…的控制

take delight in   以…为乐;喜欢;爱好

take down   取下,拿下;拆掉;写下;记录

take effect   生效;起作用

take hold of   v. 握住,抓住

take in   接受;理解;拘留;欺骗

take it easy   别急;沉住气;从容点

take off   起飞;脱下;离开

take over   接管;接收

take place   发生;举行

take sth into account   考虑到;顾及

take sth into consideration   考虑到;顾及

take the place   代替

take the place of   代替

take up   拿起;开始从事

【近义词解析】

收到;接受

receive v. [正式]收到;接受:指收到信件、消息、礼物等,表示客观上接收这一行为,不涉及接收者的主观意愿;也指接受医院的治疗。
accept v. 接受,同意:指主观上接受或同意建议、邀请等;也指认为某人或某物足够好而接受。
take v. 接受:泛指接受或收到某人给的东西、提议等。

花费

cost (v. 花费):主语通常为事物,可后接双宾语,通常不用被动语态。The new house cost me a lot of money
spend (v. 花费):普通用词,指花费金钱、时间、精力等,主语通常为人或机构,常用于 spend sth on sth/(in) doing sth 结构中。She spent 600 dollars on the watch
take (v. 花费):主语可以是人,也可以是事物,通常以 it 作形式主语,可后接双宾语。It took me an hour to come here

拿,带

bring (v. 带来,拿来):指从别处把某人或某物带到说话人所在或所说之处。
fetch (v. [尤英](去)拿来):指去取了某物或带上某人再返回原处,即一往一返,相当于 go and bring,但有时也可说 go and fetch,意思和 fetch 并无不同。在美国英语中,只有讲到狗去拿什么东西时才用 fetch。
get (v. 带来,去拿):指从别处带来或拿来,常可与 fetch 换用,但语气较随便,多用于口语。
take (v. 带去,拿去):指从说话人所在或所说之处把某人或某物带走,侧重方向而非方式,与 bring 的方向正相反。

【单词例句】

◇ She called one of the servants, and said, "Take Snow-white into the forest and kill her.

---- Snow White

◇ but when the Rabbit actually TOOK A WATCH OUT OF ITS WAISTCOAT-POCKET, and looked at it, and then hurried on, Alice started to her feet, for it flashed across her mind that she had never before seen a rabbit with either a waistcoat-pocket, or a watch to take out of it, and burning with curiosity, she ran across the field after it, and fortunately was just in time to see it pop down a large rabbit-hole under the hedge.

---- Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1)

◇ and she dared not go home, for she had sold no matches, and could not take home even a penny of money.

---- The Little Match Girl

◇ Cinderella took out the other glass slipper to put it on, "Ah!

---- Cinderella

◇ She took it and ran away as fast as she could.

---- The Frog Prince

◇ For example, if a boss fluently commands his driver, “Come up straight to my apartment by elevator and take some gas for my trucks and cabs”, instead of requesting, “Please come to my flat by lift and take some petrol for my lorries and taxis”, you can recognize his American identity, while the latter suggests that he is British.

---- Different Countries Have Different Kinds of Englishes

◇ Finally, we gave in as usual though we preferred to take a train.

---- A Hard Trip

◇ The evidences they found showed that a maid took the vase apart and asked a sailor to sink it in a local well.

---- A Brave Maid

◇ But nowadays, unlike the ancient honest slave competitors, some hopeless athletes who can’t bear the pain of training cheat when taking part in games.

---- A Fair Competition

◇ The Agricultural Feast takes place after the Independence Day.

---- An Interesting Festival

◇ So he decided to take a chance to sail on a small boat home.

---- Sailing Home

◇ The rogues sat up the whole of the night before the day on which the procession was to take place, and had sixteen lights burning, so that everyone might see how anxious they were to finish the Emperor's new suit.

---- The Emperor's New Suit

◇ The rich shoemaker in the city took the measure of her little foot.

---- The Red Shoes

◇ but went quietly into the bedroom,took all the bed-clothes off the bed, and put three little peas on thebedstead.

---- The Real Princess

◇ Once, representing the Adults’ Education Association, I went to the airport to meet an official of high rank from Columbia and take him to his dormitory and then to the canteen.

---- A Misunderstanding

◇ We experienced many deeds of the early settlers, such as swinging across rivers, hunting creatures in the jungle, or taking part in swords fighting tournaments.

---- A Unique Theme Park

◇ Spinning the pump backward, he took away the radium.

---- A Strange Disease

Finding nothing could take the place of this splendid architecture, people accom

----

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