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stand  

英[stænd] 美[stænd]

n.台,看台;立场;停止;抵抗;货摊

vi.站立,直立,起立;使直立,竖放;保持看法;停滞

vt.使站立;忍受;抵御;承担责任

vt.&vi.站立,(使)直立,站着

[复数] stands [第三人称单数] stands

[动词时态]standing   stood   stood

【常用短语】

stand by   支持;袖手旁观;准备

stand for   代表;支持;象征

stand out   引人注目;突出;显眼

stand up   起立;站起来;坚持;竖立;站得住脚;拥护

stand up for   支持,坚持;拥护

【近义词解析】

忍受

bear (v. 忍受,忍耐):普通用词,指忍受饥饿、寒冷、疼痛、不幸、困难、侮辱等,多强调忍受者的勇敢和坚毅。
endure ([四级]v. [正式]忍受,忍耐):强调长期性,主要指对灾难、困难、疼痛等长时间地忍受而不抱怨。
stand (v. 经受;忍受):作“经受”解时,常与 could 或 can 连用,指某人或某物经得起伤害等;作“忍受”解时,主要指对某人、某种困难情况的忍受或承受,通常用于疑问句和否定句中,常可与 bear 换用。
sustain ([四级]v. [正式]遭受,经受):指受到损害、创伤或金钱方面的损失。
tolerate (v. 忍受,容忍):指以克制的态度容忍令人反感或厌恶的事物,含默认、宽容之意。

【单词例句】

◇ Snow-white awoke, and saw the seven Little Men with their big beards standing near her bed.

---- Snow White

◇ The table was covered with a snowy white table-cloth, on which stood a splendid dinner service, and a steaming roast goose, stuffed with apples and dried plums.

---- The Little Match Girl

◇ By good luck, the door stood open and the duckling flew out among the bushes and the new fallen snow.

---- The Ugly Duckling

◇ They had white feathers on their heads and golden harnesses, and by the side of the carriage stood the prince's faithful steward, Harry.

---- The Frog Prince

◇ Swifter, Higher and Stronger stands for the spirit of the Olympics.

---- A Fair Competition

◇ and all the people standing by, and those at the windows, cried out, "Oh!

---- The Emperor's New Suit

◇ And this little daughter was a princess, and people streamed to the castle, and Karen was there also, and the little princess stood in her fine white dress, in a window, and let herself be stared at;

---- The Red Shoes

◇ It was a Princess who was standing outside the door.

---- The Real Princess

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