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hold  

英[həʊld] 美[hoʊld]

vt.拿住,握住;保留,保存;使保持;扣留,拘押;容纳

vi.拿住,握住;同意,赞成;保持不变;有效

n.抓;握;拿;握住;保留;控制

[复数] holds [第三人称单数] holds

[动词时态]holding   held   held,holden

【常用短语】

get hold of   把握;抓住;得到

hold back   隐瞒;退缩;抑制;阻止

hold down   保住(工作或位置);压制;限制

hold in   抑制,克制;约束

hold off   推迟;拖延;抵挡住

hold on   握住;抓牢;坚持不懈

hold out   坚持;伸出;提供;维持;抵制;主张

hold sb breath   屏气

hold together   使团结;使和睦相处

hold up   成立;举起;抬起;支撑;耽搁;延误;举出

take hold of   v. 握住,抓住

【近义词解析】

容纳,包含

contain (v. 容纳,包含):指容器装有具体东西,含仍有剩余空间之意;也指包含具体之物或数据、信息等。
embody ([六级/考研]v. [正式]包括,包含):指包含某些内容,而这些内容是某事物的组成部分。
embrace ([四级]v. [正式]包括,包含):指包含和整体有关的细节。
hold (v. 容纳):指容纳某一数量的人或事物,强调包容的能力。How much water does this bottle hold?
include (v. 包括,包含):指包括属于整体的部分,可以是具体的或抽象的。
involve ([四级]v. 包含,需要):指必然包括某种结果,所接的事物通常是抽象的。

【单词例句】

◇ for she had read several nice little histories about children who had got burnt, and eaten up by wild beasts and other unpleasant things, all because they WOULD not remember the simple rules their friends had taught them: such as, that a red-hot poker will burn you if you hold it too long;

---- Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1)

◇ It gave a warm, bright light, like a little candle, as she held her hand over it.

---- The Little Match Girl

◇ So, in the gymnastics event to be held in our city next month, one of the host’s responsibilities is to keep competitions fair.

---- A Fair Competition

◇ When a beauty dressed up in lovely clothing reads poems in memory of the poet, everyone holds their breath.

---- An Interesting Festival

◇ They gave out that they knew how to weave stuffs of the most beautiful colors and elaborate patterns, the clothes manufactured from which should have the wonderful property of remaining invisible to everyone who was unfit for the office he held, or who was extraordinarily simple in character.

---- The Emperor's New Suit

◇ the coachman was obliged to run after and catch hold of her, and he lifted her in the carriage, but her feet continued to dance so that she trod on the old lady dreadfully.

---- The Red Shoes

◇ A ceremony was held to honour the nurse who overcame a variety of barriers to save the boy.

---- First Aid

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